After installing the new WinRM 2.0 and PowerShell 2.0 CTP bits onto my Vista/SP1 laptop, I kept getting "Access is denied" messages continually while running the "Configure-WSMan.ps1" script. Fellow MVP Richard Siddaway discovered that disabling UAC seemed to clear up the problem for him, but this is not really a good solution. I want to keep UAC enabled. It turns out also that another precondition for this error is that your machine is not joined to a domain or is in a workgroup/standalone. After some communication with the PowerShell team, who in turn talked to the WinRM team, it appears that some additional configuring is needed for machines in this situation:
If the account on the remote computer has the same logon username and password, the only extra information you need is the transport, the domain name, and the computer name. Because of User Account Control (UAC), the remote account must be a domain account and a member of the remote computer Administrators group. If the account is a local computer member of the Administrators group, then UAC does not allow access to the WinRM service. To access a remote WinRM service in a workgroup, UAC filtering for local accounts must be disabled by creating the following DWORD registry entry and setting its value to 1: [HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System] LocalAccountTokenFilterPolicy.
This is taken from http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa384423.aspx
This information can also be found buried in one of PowerShell 2.0's help files, accessed via:
ps> get-help about_remote_faq | more