UPDATE: Some general information on remoting: Hey, Scripting Guy! Tell Me About Remoting in Windows PowerShell 2.0
UPDATE 2: This also applies to machines not attached to a domain (thanks @alexandair)
If you’re running Windows 7 (and if not, why not?) you may have noticed that premium versions include a license for Virtual XP Mode. (read more at http://www.microsoft.com/windows/virtual-pc/download.aspx) Essentially it’s an integrated version of Virtual PC with a full copy of Windows XP SP2 running in it. It’s pretty nice – you can have programs from the virtualized XP instance in your Windows 7 Start Menu and they can even share your desktop.
First thing you might think as a PowerShell fan is to put PowerShell v2.0 on Virtual XP Mode so you can tinker around with PowerShell Remoting (don’t forget to install .NET Framework 3.5 SP1 first!) Unfortunately it’s not all plain sailing as a default security configuration in Virtual XP prevents the Enable-PSRemoting Cmdlet from succeeding:
PS C:\Documents and Settings\XPMUser> Enable-PSRemoting
WinRM Quick Configuration
Running command "Set-WSManQuickConfig" to enable this machine for remote management through WinRM service.
1. Starting or restarting (if already started) the WinRM service
2. Setting the WinRM service type to auto start
3. Creating a listener to accept requests on any IP address
4. Enabling firewall exception for WS-Management traffic (for http only).
Do you want to continue?
[Y] Yes [A] Yes to All [N] No [L] No to All [S] Suspend [?] Help (default is "Y"):
WinRM has been updated to receive requests.
WinRM service type changed successfully.
WinRM service started.
Set-WSManQuickConfig : Access is denied.
At line:50 char:33
+ Set-WSManQuickConfig <<<< -force
+ CategoryInfo : InvalidOperation: (:) [Set-WSManQuickConfig], InvalidOperationException
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : WsManError,Microsoft.WSMan.Management.SetWSManQuickConfigCommand
Thankfully, it’s a quick fix; log into VXP and perform Start > Run… “gpedit.msc” and navigate your way to:
Computer Configuration > Windows Settings > Security Settings > Local Policies > Security Options
…and change: Network access: Sharing and security model for local accounts
…to: Classic – local users authenticate as themselves.
Now run Enable-PSRemoting again and it should work. No need to reboot!